Fontana Mix + Aria

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Published on: 13 July 2007

fontana mix

Fontana Mix e Aria sono due composizioni di Cage del 1958-59 registrate qui in esecuzione simultanea e sovrapposta.
Fontana Mix è in realtà un sistema compositivo utilizzato per la prima volta nella stesura del Concerto per Piano e Orchestra (1957-58). Consiste di 10 fogli e 12 trasparenti. I fogli contengono ciascuno 6 linee curve. Dei 12 trasparenti, 10 contengono punti dispersi casualmente (7, 12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 22, 26, 29 e 30 punti), uno ha una griglia e uno ha solo una linea retta.
Piazzando i trasparenti con punti sui fogli con le curve e interpretando il tutto con l’aiuto della linea retta e della griglia, si possono ottenere indicazioni compositive.
Con questo metodo, nel 1958-59, Cage ha realizzato, presso lo studio di fonologia della RAI di Milano con l’assistenza di Marino Zuccheri, i due nastri che tradizionalmente compongono Fontana Mix.
Con lo stesso metodo, ha anche composto Water Walk Sounds of Venice, Aria, Theatre Piece e WBAI. Quest’ultimo altro non è che una serie di indicazioni liberamente combinabili per la regia del suono in brani che coinvolgono registratori, controlli di volume/tono e altoparlanti ed è spesso usato nella realizzazione di Fontana Mix.
Aria (1958) è una partitura di 20 fogli ognuno dei quali dura un massimo di 30 secondi. Il testo impiega vocali, consonanti e parole in varie lingue. La notazione consiste di linee ondulate in vari colori e 16 quadrati che rappresentano rumori vocali. I color denotano differenti stili di canto, determinati dall’esecutore.

FONTANA MIX and ARIA by John Cage are two separate pieces, although capable of being performed simultaneously as has been done and recorded here.
FONTANA MIX is a composition indeterminate of its performance. It is derived from notation CC from Concert for Piano and Orchestra. The score consists of 10 sheets of paper and 12 tranparencies. The sheets of paper have drawings of 6
differentiated (in thickness and texture) curved lines. 10 of the transparencies have randomly distributed points (the amounts of points on the transparencies are 7, 12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 22, 26, 29 and 30). Another transparency has a grid, measuring two by ten inches, and the last one contains a straight line (10¾ inch).
By superimposition the performer creates a structure from which a performance score can be made: One of the tranparencies with dots is placed over one of the sheets with curved lines. Over this one places the grid. A point enclosed in the grid is connected with a point outside, using the straight line transparency. Horizontal and vertical measurements of intersections of the straight line with the the grid and the curved line, create a time-bracket and actions to be made.
Fontana Mix may be performed with or without parts written for the Concert for Piano and Orchestra, Aria, Solo for Voice 2 and/or Song Books. Tone-control may be regulated using Cage’s composition WBAI.
Cage composed other works using the material from Fontana Mix: Water Walk Sounds of Venice, Aria, Theatre Piece and WBAI. Cornelius Cardew composed his Solo for Guitar using the same material.
In February 1959 Cage prepared a version for 2 tapes of the work at the Studio di Fonologia in Milan, with technical assistance of Mario Zucchen.

The Aria’s score consists of 20 pages of music, each page being sufficient for 30 seconds in performance. Pages may be performed over longer or shorter time-ranges to create a program of a determined time-length.
The Aria may be performed as a solo, or with Fontana Mix and/or with ahy parts of the Concert for Piano and Orchestra.
The text employs vowels and consonants and words from Armenian, Russian, Italian, French and English. The notation consists basically of wavy lines in different colors and 16 black squares denoting “non musical” vocal noises. The colors denote different singing styles, to be determined by the singer.

John Cage – Fontana Mix + Aria (1958-59) – Cathy Berberian, voice
From ANABlog

cage - berberian

1 Comment
  1. tdb says:

    elle pus de la geule

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